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Wind Energy Science The interactive open-access journal of the European Academy of Wind Energy
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https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2020-41
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2020-41
© Author(s) 2020. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 14 May 2020

Submitted as: research article | 14 May 2020

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This preprint is currently under review for the journal WES.

Wind tunnel comparison of four VAWT configurations to test load-limiting concept and CFD validation

Jan Wiśniewski, Krzysztof Rogowski, Konrad Gumowski, and Jacek Szumbarski Jan Wiśniewski et al.
  • Institute of Aeronautics and Applied Mechanics, Warsaw University of Technology, Warszawa, 00-665, Poland

Abstract. The article describes results of experimental wind tunnel testing of four different straight bladed vertical axis wind turbine model configurations. The experiment tested a novel concept of vertically dividing and azimuthally shifting a turbine rotor into two parts with a specific uneven height division in order to limit cycle amplitudes and average cycle values of bending moments at the bottom of the turbine shaft to increase product lifetime, especially for industrial scale turbines. Testing reduction effects of simultaneously including a vertical gap between turbine rotor levels, increasing shaft length but also reducing aerodynamic interaction between rotor levels, has also been performed. Experiment results have shown very significant decreases of bending moment cycle amplitudes and average cycle values, for a wide range of measured wind speeds, for dual-level turbine configurations as compared to a single-level turbine configuration. The vertical spacing between levels equal to a blade's single chord length has proven to be sufficient, in laboratory-scale, to limit interaction between turbine levels in order to achieve optimal reductions of tested parameters through an operating cycle shift between two position-locked rotor levels during a turbine's expected lifetime. CFD validation of maintaining the effect in industrial scale has been conducted, confirming the initial conclusions.

Jan Wiśniewski et al.

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Jan Wiśniewski et al.

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The article describes results of experimental wind tunnel and CFD testing of four different straight bladed vertical axis wind turbine model configurations. The experiment tested a novel concept of vertically dividing and azimuthally shifting a turbine rotor into two parts with a specific uneven height division in order to limit cycle amplitudes and average cycle values of bending moments at the bottom of the turbine shaft to increase product lifetime, especially for industrial scale turbines.
The article describes results of experimental wind tunnel and CFD testing of four different...
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