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Wind Energy Science The interactive open-access journal of the European Academy of Wind Energy
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https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2019-41
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.
https://doi.org/10.5194/wes-2019-41
© Author(s) 2019. This work is distributed under
the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License.

Submitted as: research article 05 Sep 2019

Submitted as: research article | 05 Sep 2019

Review status
This discussion paper is a preprint. It is a manuscript under review for the journal Wind Energy Science (WES).

The effects of blade structural model fidelity on wind turbine load analysis and computation time

Ozan Gozcu and David Robert Verelst Ozan Gozcu and David Robert Verelst
  • DTU Wind Energy, Technical University of Denmark (DTU), Frederiksborgvej 399, 4000 Roskilde, Denmark

Abstract. Aero-servo-elastic analyses are required to determine the wind turbine loading for a wide range of load cases as specified in certification standards. The floating reference frame (FRF) formulation can be used to model, with sufficient accuracy, the structural response of long and flexible wind turbine blades. Increasing the number of bodies in the FRF formulation of the blade increases both the fidelity of the structural model as well as the size of the problem. However, the turbine load analysis is a coupled aero-servo-elastic analysis, and computation cost does not only depend on the size of the structural model, but also the aerodynamic solver and the iterations between the solvers. This study presents an investigation of the performance of the different fidelity levels as measured by the computational cost and the turbine response (e.g. blade loads, tip clearance, tower top accelerations). The presented analysis is based on state of the art aeroelastic simulations for normal operation in turbulent inflow load cases as defined in a design standard, and is using two 10 MW reference turbines. The results show that the turbine response quickly approaches the results of the highest fidelity model as the number of bodies increases. The increase in computational costs to account for more bodies can almost entirely be compensated by changing the type of the matrix solver from dense to sparse.

Ozan Gozcu and David Robert Verelst
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Ozan Gozcu and David Robert Verelst
Ozan Gozcu and David Robert Verelst
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Latest update: 22 Nov 2019
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Short summary
Geometrically nonlinear blade modelling effects on the turbine loads and computation time are investigated in an aero-elastic code based on multibody formulation. A large number of fatigue load cases are used in the study. The results show that the nonlinearities become prominent for large and flexible blades. It is possible to run nonlinear models without significant increase in computational time compared to the linear model by changing the matrix solver type from dense to sparse.
Geometrically nonlinear blade modelling effects on the turbine loads and computation time are...
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